How to make sentences
Before we talk about making sentences, we should first learn about the building blocks we use to make sentences. Forming simple sentences in English can be simply categorized into 2 main sentence structures and 5 main kinds of words (Parts of speech). So, the main building blocks you need to form a simple sentence are:
A-Parts of speech
Basically, here we are going to discuss the different types of words. however, for a beginner who is just interested in speaking and forming simple sentences, that could be easily used, we’ll just focus on 5 types of words.
Verbs: actions, things we do.
Nouns: names of countries, jobs, things and so on
Adjectives: words that describe nouns
Adverbs: words that describe verbs, time and place
B-Verb (to be)
C-Learn some basic words
When you start learning a language you should always start by listening and learning new words with their meaning. In case you haven’t already, go check my other post on how to start learning a language, you’ll find steps to follow:
Now forming sentences
Here we can say that there are 2 main types of sentences in English which are very basic:
Sentences without (verb to be)
Sentences with (verb to be)
1-Sentences without (Verb to be) only include (Verbs) in them
Present simple conjugation:
|I play football||You drink coffee|
|He studies English||She works|
|I played football||You drank coffee|
|He studied English||She worked|
|I will play football||You will drink coffee|
|He will study English||She will work|
Forming questions for sentences without (verb to be)
|DO||I / you / we / they|
|Does||He / she / it|
|Present||Do, Does||Do you work?||Does he play football?|
|Past||Did||Did you work?||Did he play football?|
|Future||Will||Will you work?||Will he play football?|
2-Sentences with (Verb to be) include (nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and Gerund) in them.
In general verb to be is used in a sentence when you want to talk about or describe yourself and others. However, not their actions.
|I am a teacher||He is happy||She is late|
|They are funny||We are Brazilian||They are doctors|
|I am studying||He was playing||She will be a fan|
|He will be happy||She was a teacher||They will be late|
Please remember when you use nouns in your sentences you should also include articles (a/an, the). Articles really depend on different situations and meanings but that is coming in another post in the future.
Basically, we just bring verb (to be) to the beginning of the sentence:
In the future tense, you move “will” to the beginning not verb (to be):